Food & Drink

Meet the Chocolate Makers Leading the Artisanal Cacao Movement in Thailand

Sweet dreams are made of this award-winning craft chocolate from artisanal bean-to-bar farm-collective company Kad Kokoa in Thailand.

A tasting at Kad Kokoa café

A tasting at Kad Kokoa café

Story and photographs by Chris Schalkx

Jun 10, 2022

AFTER ALMOST a decade of eating my way around Thailand, where I moved from the Netherlands in 2013, my tongue is no stranger to the briny bitterness of the curries of the north or the tamarind tang of southern gaeng som, the sour fish soup. It wasn’t until recently, however, that I had my first bite of something I’d not yet tasted in the Thai terroir: chocolate. 

On a steamy morning, I flew from Bangkok to Mae Taeng, a district in the mountains between Chiang Mai and the border with Myanmar, to trace the source of an ingredient that has become a kitchen staple for Bangkok’s top pastry chefs: Kad Kokoa’s single-origin chocolate. Guiding me were Bangkok-born Paniti and Nuttaya Junhasavasdikul, Kad Kokoa’s founders, who are proudly spearheading the country’s burgeoning bean-to-bar movement. 

Kad Kokoa's founders Nuttaya and Paniti Junhasavasdikul.
Kad Kokoa founders Nuttaya and Paniti Junhasavasdikul

The three of us scrambled along the muddy kilometer-long trail to one of the company’s cacao farms (Kad Kokoa operates four farmer co-ops). As we went, Paniti recounted how, in 2017, he and Nuttaya left their successful law careers to carve out a sweeter path in the world of chocolate. It was a bold move, as Thai cacao was underappreciated at the time. 

“Most Thais found our craft chocolate weird,” Nuttaya said. “They were used to the sweet and bitter flavors of the commercial stuff, and ours was too fruity. When we shared our plans to make it, friends told us we were crazy.” But they persevered. Now their chocolate is sold not only in Thailand but also Japan and the U.S. and has won awards in competitions such as the Asia Pacific International Chocolate Awards and London’s Golden Bean. 

A rice field in Mae Taeng, where Kad Kokoa operates one of its four cacao farms
A rice field in Mae Taeng, where Kad Kokoa operates one of its four cacao farms

At the Mae Taeng farm—a tangle of some 800 cacao trees on a hilltop surrounded by coffee groves and birdsong—Paniti cracked open a banana-yellow cacao pod. Inside were rows of seeds covered in a fleshy pulp. After each harvest, the seeds are dried and fermented under banana leaves, then shipped to Kad Kokoa’s chocolate lab in Bangkok’s Sathorn district. 

A few weeks later, I visited the lab, which hosts workshops and tastings and will soon be joined by a cacao-centric bistro in the Sukhumvit area of the capital. I watched the seeds being roasted, graded, and crushed into nibs, then mixed with organic sugar—and nothing else. This mixture is then machine-ground for 48 hours until it becomes a velvety paste. Next, the chocolate is tempered, poured into molds, and cooled. Kad Kokoa uses most of the chocolate in its signature single-origin bars, though some ends up being combined with experimental ingredients such as Chantaburi black pepper or salted tamarind. 

Cracking open a ripe cacao pod, at Kad Kokoa farm
Cracking open a ripe cacao pod, at Kad Kokoa farm

“Just like in Burgundy, where one Pinot Noir can taste different from the one grown across the road, cacao varies in flavor depending on the soil and weather conditions it’s grown in,” Paniti explained as he handed me a piece of the 70 percent chocolate from Prachuap Khiri Khan, a province wedged between Myanmar and the Gulf of Thailand. Swirling each bite around my mouth like a sip of wine, I got a tart hit reminiscent of unripe banana, mellowed by undertones of coconut. The chocolate from the red-soiled farm in Chumphon, a province farther south, tasted richer, with a subtle hint of plum, while the bar from the high-altitude farm we had visited near Chiang Mai was floral and almost honey-like. 

After the tasting, Paniti told me that Kad Kokoa’s mission reaches beyond simply making delicious products. Cacao was a cash crop in the 1970s, but after the Western corporations—who were buying the beans—started moving to cheaper locales, many farmers let their trees wither. With Kad Kokoa, the couple hopes to revive the industry by buying from the small-scale farmers still growing cacao on their land. They buy beans at a fair price and bring in specialists to educate the farmers about growing and fermentation methods. “Even though we’re still small,” Paniti said, “we’re building an ecosystem where everyone benefits.”; farm tours available by appointment. 

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